Afghan forces battle to defend major cities from Taliban offensive

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On Monday, Taliban fighters assaulted at least three provincial capitals during overnight attacks.

Lashkar Gah, Kandahar and Herat were attacked after a weekend of heavy fighting that saw thousands of civilians flee.

Fighting raged in Helmand’s provincial capital Lashkar Gah, where the Taliban launched coordinated attacks on the city centre and its prison, just hours after the government announced the deployment of hundreds of commandos to the area.

Clashes have intensified since early May, with the insurgents capitalising on the final stages of the withdrawal of US-led foreign forces after almost 20 years.

‘US to blame’

As the country’s security forces struggled to keep the Taliban at bay, President Ashraf Ghani blamed Washington on Monday for Afghanistan’s deteriorating security.

“The reason for our current situation is that the decision was taken abruptly,” Ghani told parliament, referring to the withdrawal of foreign forces.

Ghani said he had warned Washington that the withdrawal would have “consequences”.

In southern Afghanistan, fighting continued in Lashkar Gah overnight as Afghan forces beat back a fresh assault from the Taliban.

“Afghan forces on the ground and by air strikes repelled the attack,” the military in Helmand said.

Resident Hawa Malalai warned of a growing crisis in the city: “There is fighting, power cuts, sick people in hospital, the telecommunication networks are down. There are no medicines and pharmacies are closed.”

Helmand for years was the centrepiece of the US and British military campaign in Afghanistan – only for it to slip deeper into instability.

The vast poppy fields in the province provide the lion’s share of the opium for the international heroin trade – making it a lucrative source of tax and cash for the Taliban.

The loss of Lashkar Gah would be a massive strategic and psychological blow for the government, which has pledged to defend provincial capitals at all costs after losing much of the rural countryside to the Taliban over the summer.

‘Strategic blunders’

Fighting also surged in some districts of Kandahar province, the former bastion of the insurgents, and on the outskirts of its capital.

Kandahar airport came under attack overnight Sunday, with the Taliban firing rockets that damaged the runway, leading to the suspension of flights for several hours.

The facility is vital to maintaining the logistics and air support needed to keep the Taliban from overrunning the city, while also providing air support over large tracts of southern Afghanistan – including nearby Lashkar Gah.

In the west, hundreds of commandos were also defending Herat after days of fierce fighting.

“The threat is high in these three provinces… but we are determined to repel their attacks,” Afghan security forces spokesman Ajmal Omar Shinwari told reporters on Sunday.

Kabul has repeatedly dismissed the militants’ steady gains over the summer as lacking strategic value but has largely failed to reverse their momentum.

President Ghani said authorities had worked out a six-month plan to thwart the Taliban but acknowledged the insurgents were no longer a “scattered and inexperience movement”.

“We are faced with an organised command and leadership, backed by an unholy coalition of international terrorism and its supporting circles.”

The capture of any major city by the Taliban would take their current offensive to another level and fuel concerns about the ability of the Afghan military.

“If Afghan cities fall… the US decisi

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